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  • Date: 10/01/1991
    Resource Category: Peer-reviewed article
    In 1917, the French artist Marcel Duchamp submitted a store-bought porcelain urinal turned on its back and signed R. Mutt to the hanging committee of the Society for Independent Artists in New York. The object, titled Fountain, was never displayed, although the society had pledged itself to show any work by an artist who paid the entry fee. An ... »
  • Date: 06/01/1991
    Resource Category: Peer-reviewed article
    Progress in understanding cognitive developmental change mechanisms requires methods that yield detailed data about particular changes. The microgenetic method is an approach that can yield such data. It involves (a) observations of individual children throughout the period of the change, (b) a high density of observations relative to the rate of ... »
  • Date: 05/24/1991
    Resource Category: Peer-reviewed article
    From the Proceedings of the 1990 Annual Visitor Studies Conference. This article describes some of the challenges inherent in assessing meaningful museum learning. ... »
  • Date: 05/01/1991
    Resource Category: Peer-reviewed article
    In this article, Steven D. Moore, Ph.D. discusses the history of wilderness recreation research, based on carrying capacities and crowd expectations, and more recent approaches which rely on normative theories of human behavior. Moore discusses other research efforts to better understand the dimensions of wilderness recreation behavior and ... »
  • Date: 03/01/1991
    Resource Category: Peer-reviewed article
    This article outlines an experiment in which sixty-four sixth-grade students were divided into two groups: a control group, which was given novelty-reducing treatment on a field trip, and a placebo group, which was not subject to novelty-reducing treatment. Results of the experiment showed that exploratory behavior was positively correlated with ... »
  • Date: 03/01/1991
    Resource Category: Peer-reviewed article
    Museum professionals have become increasingly interested in the behavior of their visitors--why the come, what they do while in the museum, and what they take with them from the experience. Research is beginning to provide evidence for the common-sense notion that all vistiors are not alike (e.g., Diamond, 1979; Dierking et. al., in review; ... »
  • Date: 01/01/1991
    Resource Category: Peer-reviewed article
    This paper discusses the development and visitor research of the George D. Widener Memorial Treehouse at the Philadelphia Zoo. The exhibit represents a non-traditional approach to education which involves the child as learner in the guise of an animal. This paper includes key findings from an evaluation study that aimed to achieve a systematic, ... »
  • Date: 01/01/1991
    Resource Category: Peer-reviewed article
    This paper is an excerpt from a 22-page paper prepared for the Field Museum of Natural History. The paper summarizes the front-end evaluation studies related to the Animal Kingdom Project's plans to renovate the animal halls. The title comes from comments made by a visitor during a focus group discussion about what visitors think of the halls now ... »
  • Date: 01/01/1991
    Resource Category: Peer-reviewed article
    This paper discusses two evaluations conducted by the National Museum of American History for two prototype exhibits: "Commerce and Conflict: The English in Virginia, 1625" and "Kiva, Cross, and Crown at Pecos Pueblo." Each exhibit was an experimental archaeological exhibit and was a prototype for a larger exhibit, "American Encounters 1492-1992 ... »
  • Date: 01/01/1991
    Resource Category: Peer-reviewed article
    This paper discusses findings from a study that examined an interactive microcomputer exhibit at the Texas Memorial Museum. The study aimed to answer the following two questions: (1) Can the microcomputer be used effectively in a museum setting to teach first, second, and third graders about endangered species in Texas? and (2) Can the ... »

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